Welcome to Arab & Middle East Information portal

Here you find the the most comprehensive online resource on the Arab world, primarily dealing with countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
algeria-flag.jpg Algeria

The name Algeria derives from the Arabic Jaza'ir which is the plural for the word meaning "island" or "peninsula". The name Jaza'ir comes from the ancient regional descriptive, Barr al Jaza'ir (Lands of the Islands), indicating the three countries of the Magreb region. Read more about Algeria

bahrain-flag.jpg Bahrain

Bahrain's modern-day history was an example of stability, despite the fact that the Parliament was dissolved in 1975. At the end of 1994, foreign-backed militants caused unrest in the state by attacking hotels and restaurants using explosive devices; the situation was contained and stability returned to Bahrain. Read more about Bahrain

comoros-flag.jpg Comoros

The Comoros is an archipelago consisting of a group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. The islands are of volcanic origin and are mountainous. The highest point on the islands is the summit of Kartala, an active volcano on Njazidja (Grand Comore) Island, which is 2361m (7746 ft) above sea level. Read more about Comoros

djibouti-flag.jpg Djibouti

Djibouti provides services as a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, reliant on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. Read more about Djibouti

egypt-flag.jpg Egypt

Egypt covers an area of approximately 1,001,450 sq km (386,662 sq mi) in northeastern Africa, its northern coastline along the Mediterranean Sea, its eastern coastline along the Red Sea and touching the State of Israel in the Sinai. Libya shares its western border, Sudan its southern border. Read more about Egypt

iraq-flag.jpg Iraq

Iraq is situated in Southwest Asia and is bounded on the east by Iran on the south by Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf, on the west by Jordan and Syria and on the north by Turkey. Read more about Iraq

jordan-flag.jpg Jordan

Jordan's modern history dates from 1921, when Emir Abdullah, the second son of Sherif Hussein, established the Emirate of Trans-Jordan as a self-governing territory under British mandate. In May 1946, Emir Abdullah was proclaimed King of the independent Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Read more about Jordan

kuwait-flag.jpg Kuwait

Kuwait is an oil-rich Arab country with an area of 17,818 sq km situated at the north-western tip of the Arabian Gulf. There are essentially five levels of Kuwaiti society: the ruling family, the old Kuwaiti merchant families, former Bedouins who settled in Kuwait, Arabs from other countries and foreigners. Arabic is the official language and 90% of the population is Muslim. Read more about Kuwait

lebanon-flag.jpg Lebanon

Lebanon is located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. The country is 215km long, and from east to west the distance ranges from 25 to 90km. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and by Israel to the south. Read more about Lebanon

libya-flag.jpg Libya

Representatives of Libya engaged in discussions with Egypt and the Sudan on plans for the coordination of economic, military, and political policies of the three countries. In September 1971, Egypt, Libya, and Syria agreed to form a federation designed for mutual military advantage against Israel. Read more about Libya

mauritania-flag.jpg Mauritainia

Mauritania's southern boundary is Senegal. It joins Mali on the southeast and east, and Algeria forms its northeastern border. The most important resource of Mauritania is its large deposits of iron ore located in the Fderik area. Other mineral resources of the country include deposits of phosphates sulfur, gypsum and copper. Read more about Mauritainia

morocco-flag.jpg Morocco

Morocco occupied what was called the Spanish Sahara (now the Moroccan Sahara) in 1979 and sustained a long battle with Polisario guerillas for control of the region. Between 1912 and 1956 Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates. Read more about Morocco

oman-flag.jpg Oman

Located in the southeastern corner of the Arabian peninsula, the Sultanate of Oman has been viewed as strategically important due to its position at the mouth of the Gulf. At one time in the past it had its own empire stretching down the east coast of African and competed with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Gulf and Indian Ocean. Read more about Oman

palestinian-territory-flag.jpg Palestine

Functioning as a Palestinian government, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded in 1964 as a political body representing the Palestinians in their efforts to reclaim their country from the Israelis. The purpose of the PLO is to help the Palestinians "to recover their usurped homes" and to replace Israel with a secular Palestinian state. Read more about Palestine

qatar-flag.jpg Qatar

The people of Qatar are primarily of Arab descent, reflecting the country's close proximity to the Arabian peninsula and its ties of history, language and religion with the other Gulf states. Arab tribes who migrated to the area in the 18th century form the basis of the population. Read more about Qatar

saudi-arabia-flag.jpg Saudi Arabia

The history of modern Saudi Arabia begins in the year 1902 when Abdul Aziz Al-Sa'ud and a band of his followers captured the city of Riyadh, returning it to the control of his family. Saudi Arabia is still one of the world's leading producers of dates but today the economy is dominated by oil. Petroleum revenues have been used to create an infrastructure, which will in time transform Saudi Arabia into a diversified industrial state. Read more about Saudi Arabia

somalia-flag.jpg Somalia

All Somalia's major rivers flow into the Indian Ocean. The main rivers are the Juba and Webi Shebeli rivers, coming from Ethiopia and flowing south. The two largest northern streams, both of which are impermanent, are the Daror and the Nugaaleed. Read more about Somalia

sudan-flag.jpg Sudan

The Sudan is located in northeastern Africa. This country is a potentially wealthy country, with rich reserves of oil and minerals. Yet these reserves are barely exploited, with industry contributing as little as 4% to the total national economy. Read more about Sudan

syria-flag.jpg Syria

Syria is bounded on the north by Turkey, on the east by Iraq, on the south by Jordan and Palestine, and on the west by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea. The lanSyria has an area of 185,180 sq km (71,498 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Damascus. Read more about Syria

tunisia-flag.jpg Tunisia

Tunisia is the northernmost African state and the smallest of the four countries in North Africa that make up the Maghreb. Tunisian dinars can only be obtained in Tunisia. There is no foreign currency import restriction, but visitors wishing to take foreign currency out of the country should complete a currency declaration on arrival. Read more about Tunisia

united-arab-emirates-flag.jpg United Arab Emirates (UAE)

United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven independent states located in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Arabian Gulf to the north, Saudi Arabia to the south and west, and the Sultanate of Oman and the Gulf of Oman to the east. Oil facilitated a process of rapid growth and modernization to the area, and the emirates became independent as the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 1971. Read more about United Arab Emirates (UAE)

yemen-flags.jpg Yemen

Yemen has a coastline of about 450km and its coastal plain ,averaging 48km in width, is a region of semi-desert. The vast mountain range of the southern Arabian Peninsula runs through the Yemen, with its highest peak, Hadur Shu'ayb at 3,760 metres. Read more about Yemen