Agriculture in Algeria

Agriculture in Algeria Last updated on Monday 19th April 2010

Prior to independence Algeria provided 93% of its agricultural requirements. Today, the country must import over 60% of its cereal requirements. By the late 1980s agriculture only contributed 15% of Algeria's Gross Domestic Product.

Cereals including wheat, barley, oats, maize, and sorghum, comprise the country's main agricultural crops. Vegetables are also important: crops include beans, lentils, potatoes, peas, cucumber, tomatoes, onions, carrots, melons, artichokes, sunflowers, sugar beets and tobacco. Grapes and a variety of citrus fruits including oranges, mandarins, lemons, grapefruit and clementines are also grown. Exports include olives, figs, dates, wine and tobacco.

The agricultural sector has suffered from lack of effective government support. The government favoured industry until agricultural output became a critical issue, but by the time there was administrative will to address the problem, financial resources had fallen as a result of declining oil revenues.

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