Flora and Fauna of Algeria

Flora and Fauna of Algeria Last updated on Monday 19th April 2010

Deforestation has been extensive in northern Algeria, with forests receding to the upper Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas. Pine, cedar and several oak species, including cork oak, are the main trees found in what is left of Algeria's forests. Juniper and other shrubs grow on the lower slopes of mountain ranges, and esparto grass and brushwood grow on parts of the otherwise desolate High Plateau. Saharan plant life is sparse and typical of desert vegetation, including acacia, jujube and desert grasses.

In the north the wildlife is typical of Mediterranean regions, including red deer and wild boar. The desert wildlife, while limited, is richer in variety, including leopards and panthers, gazelles, hyenas, jackals and antelope, as well as desert reptiles such as snakes, vipers and monitor lizards.

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