General

Overview of Yemen

Overview Yemen Official name Republic of Yemen Capital Sana'a, in the north, is the political capital Aden, the former capital of South Yemen, is the commercial capital Main Port al-Hudayah on the Red Sea Government Republic Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister Legislative branch Unicameral House of

Overview of The United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Overview The United Arab Emirates (UAE) The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation consisting of seven sheikhdoms located on the Arabian Gulf. The seven sheikhdoms -- also called emirates -- are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm al-Qawain, Ajman and Fujairah. There are borders with Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Oman. The borders between the different sheikhdoms are not always

Overview of Tunisia

Overview Tunisia Official name Republic of Tunisia (Aj-jamhouryya At-tonisyya) Type of government Multiparty republic Capital Tunis Major cities Tunis (capital), Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte. Area 163,610 sq. km Population 9.4 million (1999) Demographic growth rate 1.12% (1999) Languages Arabic (official), French is widely spoken, some English and Italian Religion

Overview of Syria

Overview Syria Official name The Syrian Arab Republic Capital Damascus (Dimashq), population approximately 4-6 million Main port Lattakia on the north coast (pop. 222,500) Second port is Tartus Additional urban centres Aleppo (pop. 1 million) Homs (pop. 406,300) Hama (pop. 190,000) Administrative Divisions 14 provinces Population 16,350,000 (estimation of

Overview of Somalia

Overview Somalia Location Somalia, also called the Somali Democratic Republic, is located on the Horn of Africa, the easternmost part of the African continent. The total area is 637,657 sq. km, and the capital is Mogadishu. Population The 1995 estimated population was 8.9 million, though 13 million is an estimated average which includes Somalis living outside

Overview of Sudan

Overview of Sudan Official Title Republic of the Sudan Capital Khartoum (population between 4 and 5 million) Main port Port Sudan on the Red Sea (population 206,727) Additional urban centres Omdurman (pop. 526,000) El-Obeid (pop. 200,000) Wad Medani (pop. 145,000) Kassala (pop. 150,000) Land area 2,505,813 sq. km (967,500 sq. miles) Language

Overview of Saudi Arabia

Overview of Saudi Arabia Official name The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya) Capital Riyadh (4.300.000 people, estimation of 2001) Population 17,050,934 (1992 estimate) Population density 7.3 per sq. km / 18.9 per sq. mi. Population distribution 77.3% urban, 22.7% rural Land area 2,331,000 sq. km (900,000 sq. mi.) Physical Features Deserts,

Overview of Palestinians

Overview Palestinians Palestine is the ancient name of a Middle Eastern country situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its size has varied greatly throughout its history and its exact borders are even now in dispute. Its location at the junction of trade routes linking three continents has meant that it was a melting pot for religious and cultural

Overview of Morocco

Official name Kingdom of Morocco ( al-Mamlakah al -Maghribiyyah) Capital Rabat Political System Constitutional monarchy, elected parliament, multiparty democracy. Population Population 30,122,000 (estimate July 2000). Population growth 1.74% (estimate 2000) Urban Population 52% (1990-1999). Surface area 446.550 km². Language Arabic (official),

Overview of Mauritania

Overview Mauritania Official Name Mauritania (al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Muritaniyah) Government type: Republic Capital Nouakchott 800,000 people (1996). Other cities Nouadhibou 72,305; Kaédi 35,241; Kiffa 29,300; Rosso 27,783 (1992). Population 2,747,312 (estimation of July 2001) Population growth 2.93% (estimation of 2001) Administrative divisions 12 regions and

Overview of Libya

Overview Libya Official title Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Capital Tripoli (population 1,083,000; 1988 estimate) Main port Tripoli Additional urban centre Benghazi (population 446,250; 1988 estimate) Population 5,225,000 (1994 estimate) with an annual growth rate of 3-4%. More than two-thirds of the population live in the coastal area.

Overview of Republic of Lebanon

Official name Republic of Lebanon (Ajjamhouriyya Al-lubnaniyya) Capital Beirut Location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria Population Between 3 and 4 million. No official census has been taken since 1932. Area Total Land Water Border countries Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km Coastline Climate Mediterranean; mild to

Overview of Kuwait

Overview Kuwait Official name Kuwait (Dawlat al-Kuwayt) Administrative divisions 5 governances Capital Kuwait (Al-Kuwayt), 1.090.000 people (1996) Other cities Al-Jahra (139.476 people), as-Salimiyah (116.104 people), Hawalli (84.478 people), al-Farwaniyah (47.106 people). Population 2.093.889 (December 1996) Kuwaitis: 732.403 Non-Kuwaitis 1.361.486 Languages

Overview of Jordan

Overview Jordan Official name Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (al-Mamlakah al-Urdunniya al-Hashimiyah) Capital Amman Population: 2,3000,000 people (estimation of 1995). 936,300 Other cities Az-Zarqa (344,500 people); Irbid (208,200 people); As-Salt (187,000 people); Ar-Rusayfah (115,500 people) Main port Al Aqaba (41,900 people) Population Excluding West Bank: 3,

Overview of Iraq

Overview Iraq Official title Republic of Iraq Capital Baghdad Population 3,844,608 in 1987 Religion Officially Islam, as Muslims form 95% of the population. Shiite Muslims (60%) live in the south, Sunni Muslims (40%) in the north. Christians make up the largest non-Muslim religious group, and belong to a number of sects. Smaller religious groups include the