Yemen Govt. Introduction and History

North and South Yemen were united in 1990, ending a three-century separation. In ancient times the territory of Yemen was part of the trade empire of the Minaean Kingdom and later the Kingdom of Sheba. The area was a crucial link between Africa and India, as well as a hot spot for the trade of frankincense and myrrh. Turkey controlled Northern

UAE Govt.: Women and The UAE Constitution

From the time that the UAE was founded, the government has been most attentive to ensuring that both men and women be provided with every opportunity for education, advancement and success in whatever sphere. This philosophy is enshrined in the Constitution that specifically addresses issues of relevance to the safeguarding of women's interests.

The UAE Women's Federation

Established in 1975 under the leadership of Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak, the wife of the President, the purpose of the UAE Women's Federation was -- and is -- to bring together under one umbrella all the women's societies in the country. The aim is to create opportunities for women so that they may achieve their fullest potential. The Federation

Women in the UAE: Social Welfare

In the UAE there are two official bodies which pay specific attention to the interests of Emirati women and children. The first is within the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and is the Social Affairs section headed by the country's top female civil servant. The other is the UAE Women's Federation, headed by the wife of the President, Sheikha

Women in The UAE: employment

The large number of educated women has had repercussions in the employment market. The most obvious is that more women are demanding and obtaining jobs. The government sector absorbs many of them in education and health but women are spread across the entire civil service and now account for around 40% of the total number of employees. In some

UAE Govt.: Housing & infrastructure

The government of the UAE has provided housing for its people that is on a par with the most developed areas of the developed world. In the past, many people lived in tents or small houses made of palm fronds while in the mountains, there were small stone dwellings sheltering people from the weather. Even in the towns, housing was very basic --

UAE Govt.: Health

Just as there was little education in the UAE prior to the discovery of oil, so there was even less medical service. In major towns -- Abu Dhabi and Dubai -- there were small hospitals, usually financed from abroad. The various emirates could afford almost nothing for their people in the way of health services. In the mountains and in the desert,

UAE Govt.: Education

It is no secret that there was little development anywhere in the Arabian peninsula prior to the discovery of oil. The reason is simple: there was no money for it. The economy in those days was a simple one, based upon pearl diving, fishing, coastal trade and the most rudimentary agriculture. In 1962 when oil production began in Abu Dhabi the

UAE Govt.: Social Services

The social services of the UAE are those of the most advanced and solvent welfare state. Education from kindergarten to university is free. The heavily-subsidized health care sector offers not only preventive medicine but also the very latest in surgical and medical techniques. The United Arab Emirates has been fortunate in having the wisdom to

UAE Govt.: Introduction

123 Each emirate, Abu Dhabi [picture 1], Dubai [picture 2], Sharjah [picture 3], Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah, is named after its principal town. Sheikh Zaid bin Sultan al-Nahayan, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, has been president the UAE state since 1971 and was re-elected to his fourth consecutive term in late 1991 by his

Tunisia Govt.: Social Services

Since 1950 Tunisia has operated a social security system which provides free health care, and maternity and old-age benefits.

Tunisia Govt.: Foreign Policy

Tunisia has consistently been pursuing a balanced policy of openness and moderation is its international relations. It has consistently sought to promote a comprehensive and peaceful settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict, which ensure a just and lasting peace in the Middle East. Tunisia played an active role in the Madrid Peace Conference and

Tunisia Govt.: Regional

There are 23 governorates who have regional political representation to higher levels of central government.

Tunisia Govt.: National

Tunisia is a republic with a president who is the chief executive of the country and has considerable powers over the cabinet, prime minister, and armed forces. The executive cabinet is appointed by the president and reports to a single 141-member, 5-year elected, National Assembly. All Tunisians over the age of 20 are eligible to vote. The

Syria Government

The Syrian government is headed by President Bahsar al-Assad, leader of the Arab Ba'ath Socialist Party. The President has the power to appoint ministers of his own choice, which form the executive branch of the government. The legislative branch of the government is made up of the People's Council. Civil servants and military personnel are also