General of Iraq

Oman Overview

Official name The Sultanate of Oman (Saltanat Uman) Capital Muscat Head of state Sultan Qaboos bin Said, Sultan and Prime Minister Government Sultanate Legislature Consultative Council Administrative divisions 6 regions and 2 governorates: Ad...

Bahrain - Country Overview

Capital Manama Population 634,137 (estimation of July 2000, including 28,424 foreigners) Population density 909 per sq. km Distribution 81% urban, 19% rural Land area 678 sq. km (262 sq.miles) Elevations Lowest -- sea level Highest --...

Egypt overview

Official Name Arab Republic of Egypt (Jumhuriyah Misr al-’Arabiyah) Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip Area total: 1,001,450 sq. km land: 995,450 sq. km water: 6,000 sq. km Capital...

Qatar Overview

Conventional Name State of Qatar / Dawlat Qatar. Capital Doha Head of State (Amir) HAMAD bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Area 11,437 sq km (4,260 sq mi) Population 750,000 (estimation of 2000)....

Algeria overview

Algeria overview Official name Al-Jumhuriya al-Jazairia ash-Shaabiya Head of government Prime Minister Capital Algiers (population over 3 million) Other cities Oran (pop. over 1 million) Constantine (750,000) Annaba (450,000) Tizi Ouzou (350,000)...

Overview of Comoros

Overview Comoros Official Name Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros Location Four islands in the Mozambique Channel roughly 500km west of the northern tip of Madagascar and 300km east of Mozambique. Area 2236 sq km, divided among the islands as follows:...

Overview of Djibouti

Overview Djibouti Official Name Republic of Djibouti (République de Djibouti) Administrative divisions: 5 districts. Location An arid coastal zone around the Gulf of Tadjoura, Djibouti is just north of the Horn of Africa on the ::I strait at the southern entrance to...

Overview of Jordan

Overview Jordan Official name Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (al-Mamlakah al-Urdunniya al-Hashimiyah) Capital Amman Population: 2,3000,000 people (estimation of 1995). 936,300 Other cities Az-Zarqa (344,500 people); Irbid (208,200 people); As-Salt (187,000 people);...

Overview of Kuwait

Overview Kuwait Official name Kuwait (Dawlat al-Kuwayt) Administrative divisions 5 governances Capital Kuwait (Al-Kuwayt), 1.090.000 people (1996) Other cities Al-Jahra (139.476 people), as-Salimiyah (116.104 people), Hawalli (84.478 people), al-Farwaniyah (47.106...

Overview of Republic of Lebanon

Official name Republic of Lebanon (Ajjamhouriyya Al-lubnaniyya) Capital Beirut Location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria Population Between 3 and 4 million. No official census has been taken since 1932. Area...

Overview of Libya

Overview Libya Official title Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Capital Tripoli (population 1,083,000; 1988 estimate) Main port Tripoli Additional urban centre Benghazi (population 446,250; 1988 estimate) Population 5,225,000 (1994 estimate) with an...

Overview of Mauritania

Overview Mauritania Official Name Mauritania (al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Muritaniyah) Government type: Republic Capital Nouakchott 800,000 people (1996). Other cities Nouadhibou 72,305; Kaédi 35,241; Kiffa 29,300; Rosso 27,783 (1992). Population 2,747,312 (...

Overview of Morocco

Official name Kingdom of Morocco ( al-Mamlakah al -Maghribiyyah) Capital Rabat Political System Constitutional monarchy, elected parliament, multiparty democracy. Population Population 30,122,000 (estimate July 2000). Population growth 1.74% (...

Overview of Palestinians

Overview Palestinians Palestine is the ancient name of a Middle Eastern country situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its size has varied greatly throughout its history and its exact borders are even now in dispute. Its location at the junction of...

Overview of Saudi Arabia

Overview of Saudi Arabia Official name The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya) Capital Riyadh (4.300.000 people, estimation of 2001) Population 17,050,934 (1992 estimate) Population density 7.3 per sq. km / 18.9 per sq. mi. Population distribution...

Overview of Sudan

Overview of Sudan Official Title Republic of the Sudan Capital Khartoum (population between 4 and 5 million) Main port Port Sudan on the Red Sea (population 206,727) Additional urban centres Omdurman (pop. 526,000) El-Obeid (pop. 200,000) Wad Medani (pop....

Overview of Somalia

Overview Somalia Location Somalia, also called the Somali Democratic Republic, is located on the Horn of Africa, the easternmost part of the African continent. The total area is 637,657 sq. km, and the capital is Mogadishu. Population The 1995 estimated population...

Overview of Syria

Overview Syria Official name The Syrian Arab Republic Capital Damascus (Dimashq), population approximately 4-6 million Main port Lattakia on the north coast (pop. 222,500) Second port is Tartus Additional urban centres Aleppo (pop. 1 million) Homs (pop. 406,300...

Overview of Tunisia

Overview Tunisia Official name Republic of Tunisia (Aj-jamhouryya At-tonisyya) Type of government Multiparty republic Capital Tunis Major cities Tunis (capital), Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte. Area 163,610 sq. km Population 9.4 million (1999) Demographic growth rate 1....

Overview of The United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Overview The United Arab Emirates (UAE) The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation consisting of seven sheikhdoms located on the Arabian Gulf. The seven sheikhdoms -- also called emirates -- are Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm al-Qawain, Ajman and Fujairah. There are...

Overview of Yemen

Overview Yemen Official name Republic of Yemen Capital Sana'a, in the north, is the political capital Aden, the former capital of South Yemen, is the commercial capital Main Port al-Hudayah on the Red Sea Government Republic Cabinet Council of Ministers...