Nineveh

Nineveh Last updated on Tuesday 20th April 2010

The ancient city of Nineveh is situated just outside Mosul on the east bank of the River Tigris. It was the third capital of Assyria dating from the reign of Sennacherib (704-681BC)and was one of the most powerful cities of the Middle East, the hub of the civilized ancient world. Its downfall came in 612BC, when it was sacked by the Medes of Northern Persia.

The walls of Nineveh were 12km in circumference and were set with fifteen gates, each of which was named after an Assyrian god. Some of these gates have been reconstructed, notably the Shamash and Nergal gates. It was first excavated by the French and later by the British, and is noted for its colossal palace, its library, its statuary and its prehistoric pottery. A small museum at the Nergal gate displays some Assyrian relief carvings.

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