The North-East Mountains in Iraq

The North-East Mountains in Iraq Last updated on Tuesday 20th April 2010

The high mountains and fertile valleys of this area of Northern Iraq are in sharp contrast to the terrain of the rest of the country. This area is mostly inhabited by Kurds and is known as the Kurdish Autonomous Region (KAR). This friendly and hospitable people are direct descendants of the Medes.

Arbil is the main town and headquarters of the KAR. Situated about 84km from Mosul, this ancient town is dominated by a large fortress. Several old-style Kurdish houses in the town have been converted into museums, with interesting collections of objects from Sumerian through to Abbasid times.

The town of Sinjar, situated on the slopes of the Jebel Sinjar Mountains, is the home of the Yezidis, often known -- incorrectly -- as Devil worshippers. A more accurate summary of their beliefs would be their perception of the Devil as a fallen angel, whose evil deeds in the world must be appeased in order that he should become one with the angels once more. Some elements of Christianity, Islam and nature worship are to be found in their beliefs. The Yezidi's are of Kurdish stock.

As you like 'The North-East Mountains in Iraq' you may also like following articles . . .

Sudan Tour Guide: Jebel Marra Mountains

This western-Sudanese mountain range is dominated by the second-highest mountain in the Sudan, known as Jebel Marra. This is an extinct volcano which rises to a height of 3071 metres. At...

Media of Iraq

All privately-owned daily newspapers were closed by a government decree in 1967. In the late 80s, there were seven government-produced daily newspapers, the largest being ath-Thawra, which...

Yemen Tour Guide: Djiblah

Situated 8km south of Ibb, on a hill of basalt between two connecting valleys, this is another former capital of the Yemen from the Middle Ages. It was once the chosen capital of Queen Arwa...

History of Iraq: Coups, Wars & Instability

War with Israel followed in 1948, in which Iraqi forces were allied with those of Transjordan, in accordance with a treaty signed by the two countries during the previous year. Fighting...

Cities in Iraq: Mosul

Mosul is Iraq's third largest city and is situated 396km north of Baghdad. The city was an important trade centre in the Abbasid era, because of its strategic position on the caravan route...

Topography of Syria

Syria has four main geographical regions. A narrow, fertile coastal plain, about 20 miles in width runs down the western side of the country. Parallel to this is narrow mountain range,...

Yemen Tour Guide: Ta'izz

A town situated in the northern foothills of Jebel Saber (Mount Sabir). The former palace of Imam Ahmed is now a museum. The museum is located at the end of 26th September Street and its...