Overview of Republic of Lebanon

Overview of Republic of Lebanon Last updated on Wednesday 21st April 2010

Official name

Republic of Lebanon (Ajjamhouriyya Al-lubnaniyya)
Capital
Beirut

Location

Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

Population

Between 3 and 4 million. No official census has been taken since 1932.

Area

Total

Land

Water

Border countries

Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

Coastline

Climate

Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon Mountains experience heavy winter snows

Language

Arabic is the official language, but French and English are widely spoken. Armenian is also spoken by a minority group.

Major religions

50% Muslim; 50% Christian
The largest Christian group are Maronites, followed by the Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholics, Armenian Orthodox, Armenian Catholics, Syrian Catholics, Chaldeans, Protestants and Syrian Orthodox. The largest Muslim group are the Shiite, followed by the Sunni and the Druze.

Electricity

Both 220 and 110 are used. Sockets take 2-pin round and flat plugs.
Weights and measures

Metric system

Business hours

Government offices: 8am-2pm Mon. to Sat; 8am-11am Friday
Banks: 8:30am-12: 30pm Mon. to Sat
Shops and commercial business: 9am-6pm Mon. to Sat. Many stores keep later hours and open on Sunday as well.
The Lebanese regard Sunday as the end of the week.

Important phone numbers

ambulance

Baabda:
05-924017/18/20
Jounieh:
09-830799 - 832260
Saida:
07-722732 - 725993
Tripoli:
06-602510 - 610861

Information

Beirut
120

police

Emergency Line:
112
Beirut:
01-425250 - 392750
Baabda
05-468922 - 468500
Jounieh
09-915967 - 911113
Saida
07-727151/5
Tripoli
06-430950/1/2/3
Zahle
08-803521 - 823000ed Cross Red Cross

ports

Beirut Information:
01-580211/2/3/4/5/6
Ports Public Security:
01-580746 - 581400

International dialing code

+961

Time zone

GMT + 2 hours

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