Overview of Libya

Overview of Libya Last updated on Thursday 22nd April 2010

Overview Libya

Official title

Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya


Tripoli (population 1,083,000; 1988 estimate)

Main port


Additional urban centre

Benghazi (population 446,250; 1988 estimate)


5,225,000 (1994 estimate) with an annual growth rate of 3-4%. More than two-thirds of the population live in the coastal area.

Population profile

Mixed Arab and Berber descent; a tribal society. 75% of the population live in urban areas.

Land area

1,759,540 sq km (679,362 sq miles)

Official language

Arabic; with some Berber spoken. English and Italian are used in business.


Libyan dinar, divided into 1,000 dirhams; issued by the Central Bank of Libya.


Islam; 97% of the population are Sunnite Muslims.

Time zone

GMT +2 hours


240 volts. Available almost everywhere, except in very isolated parts.

Weights and measures


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