Oman Government - Introduction

Oman Government - Introduction Last updated on Wednesday 14th April 2010

The Omani government has been progressively modernized and liberalized since Sultan Qaboos came to power in 1970. As sultan, Qaboos is head of state, prime minister, and minister of foreign affairs, finance and defense. His cabinet, the Council of Ministers, carries out the administrative and legal functions of government with each minister having significant discretionary power in day-to-day policy. Sultan Qaboos established a consultative assembly in 1981 to advise him on issues related to the social, economic, and educational policies. Ten years later, Sultan Qaboos replaced the assembly with a consultative council with the intention to broaden the participation of the Omani citizens. The membership of the Consultative Council was expanded from 59 to 80 in 1994 and the larger districts were allowed to be represented by members. What was remarkable in overall experience is the decision to nominate women candidates to join the council.

The council has been assigned significant responsibilities though it is still an advisory body. It is in charge of reviewing all social and economic laws and helps drafting and carrying out development plans as well as proposing the necessary ways to improve public services. Members of the Consultative Council serve three-year terms.

The “Basic Law” was promulgated in November 1996 to regulate several important aspects of governance. The law provided for the creation of an upper chamber “The Council of State”, which forms with the “Consultative Council” the “Council of Oman”. The sultan announced in December 1997 the appointment of 37 men and 4 women to the “Council of State”. The “Basic Law” outlines a process for choosing a successor to Qaboos, who has no heir; it also bans government ministers from holding positions in private companies in an attempt to separate political and economic powers. The law also strongly affirms the rule of law and the independence of the judiciary.

As you like 'Oman Government - Introduction' you may also like following articles . . .

Oman - Sultan Qaboos bin Said

Sultan Qaboos bin Said was born in Salalah in Dhofar on the 18th of November 1940. He is the only son of the late Sultan Said bin Taimur and is eighth in the direct line of the Al Busaidi...

Sultan Qaboos University

Sultan Qaboos University is the realization of the promise announced by His. Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said during the 10th anniversary of Oman’s National Day in 1980. Construction started...

The State and System of the Kuwait Government

According to its constitution, Kuwait is a fully independent Arab state with a democratic system of rule and sovereignty is vested in the nation which represents the sources of all power....

Palestinian Economic Council for Development & Reconstruction

PECDAR is the acronym of the Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) established PECDAR as an independent institution in...

Qatar Govt. Authority Within the State

The Emir The Emir is the Head of State. The present Emir is His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, son of the former Emir, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al-Thani. The Emir is...

Qatar Govt.: Introduction

Qatar is an emirate ruled by Sheikh Hamad Khalifa Al-Thani, who is the head of state. According to the modified provisional constitution, the Emir decrees laws upon the recommendation of...

Oman Overview

Official name The Sultanate of Oman (Saltanat Uman) Capital Muscat Head of state Sultan Qaboos bin Said, Sultan and Prime Minister Government Sultanate Legislature Consultative Council...