History of Palestine: 1993 Peace Accord
History of Palestine: 1993 Peace Accord Last updated on Thursday 22nd April 2010
Following the Israeli elections of June 1992, the new prime minister and Labour leader Yitzak Rabin froze the construction of new settlement colonies in the Gaza strip and the West Bank. The resuming of negotiation with Palestenians was, however, because the efforts regarding this matter were interrupted by the expulsion of 415 Palestinians from the Islamic Resistence Movement (Hamas) group to Marj Az-zuhur in Lebanon.
Secret negotiations between the Palestinian Liberation Organization ( PLO ) and Israel resulted in mutual recognition in September 1993; Norwegian diplomats played a key role in the process of negotiation that ended in Oslo. The Palestinians were granted limited autonomy in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip according the “Declaration of Principles” on the autonomy of the Israeli-occupied territories. In 1993, after decades of violence, conflict and disagreement, PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met in the United States on 13 September to sign a peace accord between the two parties.
According to the agreements singed by the tow side, this autonomy is to be extended to the rest of the West Bank and, five years later, a definite status was to be negotiated for the occupied territories and the part of Jerusalem occupied by Israel since 1967, but the overall peace process has suffered many setbacks during the last few years.