History of Palestine: The PLO

History of Palestine: The PLO Last updated on Thursday 22nd April 2010

Functioning as a Palestinian government, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded in 1964 as a political body representing the Palestinians in their efforts to reclaim their country from the Israelis.

Originally an umbrella organization of refugee and military groups, it was ultimately joined by professional, labour and student associations and also by some individuals.

The purpose of the PLO is to help the Palestinians "to recover their usurped homes" and to replace Israel with a secular Palestinian state. To that end, it has been responsible for commando acts both in Israel and in other countries.

The PLO works through three parts: the Executive Committee, a decision-making body the Central Committee, an advisory body the Palestine National Council which is generally viewed as an assembly of the Palestinian people Yasser Arafat has been the head of the PLO since 1968.

In 1974 at an Arab summit in Rabat, Morocco, the PLO was recognized as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people". Subsequent to this, Arafat addressed the United Nations where the organization was given official observer status.

In 1970 the PLO commandos fought a short but bloody war with the Jordanian army after which they were expelled from that country and settled in Lebanon. Little by little, they became a state within a state, and thus contributed to the disintegration of Lebanon after 1975.

The aftermath of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 was to disperse some 12,000 PLO members to Syria and other Arab countries. Those loyal to Arafat made their headquarters in Tunis, where an Israeli bombing raid in 1985 severely damaged their headquarters and other buildings.

As you like 'History of Palestine: The PLO' you may also like following articles . . .

History of Palestine: The State of Israel

The state of Israel was established as of 14 May 1948. At once, five Arab armies, in support of the Palestinians, attacked the new state but were ultimately defeated. At the end of what is...

History of Palestine: The Gulf War

When tensions started between Iraq and Kuwait in the second half of 1990, Arafat unsuccessfully  tried to mediate between the tow countries. After the invasion, the Palestinian position...

History: The state of Palestine

All territorial claims to the Israeli-held West Bank were ceded to the PLO by King Hussein in 1988. In November of the same year at a meeting of the Palestinian National Council in Algiers...

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)

Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, UNRWA was established by United Nations General Assembly resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December 1949 to carry out direct relief and works programmes for...

History of Palestine: Jewish-Arab Conflict

Following the defeat of Turkey in World War I, Britain strengthened its power in Palestine. Massive immigrations of Jews from many countries raised the Jewish population in Palestine from...

Palestine Government

The government of the West Bank has up to now been a dual one: one part applying to Israeli citizens and the other to Palestinians. Israelis are under Israeli law and authority while...

History of Palestine: Wye Accord

The peace process suffered many setbacks in the first few years of Netanyahu's administration, a breakthrough was needed to keep the peace process alive. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin...