Language of Saudi Arabia

Language of Saudi Arabia Last updated on Sunday 25th April 2010

Arabic is a Semitic language. It is spoken and understood in various forms by millions of people throughout the Middle East and beyond. It is one of the official languages of the United Nations.

Classical Arabic, the language of the Quran, is used only in writing and rarely in speech. A standardized modern Arabic is used for newspapers, television and conversation with local variations.

Arabic is written in a flowing cursive style from right to left. The alphabet consists of 28 letters, all consonants. Vowels are expressed either by positioned points or by inserting letters in positions where they would normally not occur. The letters take different shapes depending on their place in words. The appearance and guttural sounds make it seem a complex language; however, basic conversational Arabic is not difficult to learn.

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