Overview of Saudi Arabia
Overview of Saudi Arabia Last updated on Sunday 25th April 2010
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya)
Riyadh (4.300.000 people, estimation of 2001)
17,050,934 (1992 estimate)
7.3 per sq. km / 18.9 per sq. mi.
77.3% urban, 22.7% rural
2,331,000 sq. km (900,000 sq. mi.)
Deserts, Plateaux, Mountains
Type of government
Consultative Council appointed by the King
Supreme Council of Justice
Arabic, but English is widely spoken in commerce and business
Saudi Arabia does not allow the practice of any other religion within its borders.
62.4% of adult population
Hospital beds (1988)
Life expectancy (1992)
Infant mortality (1992)
59 per 1000 live births
GDP (1991 est)
$5800 per capita
Foreign trade (1990)
Imports $21.5 billion
Exports $44.3 billion
893km (555 mi.)
92,802km (57,644 mi.)
Weights & measures
Both 110 and 220 volts, 60 cycles AC
380 volts is used for industrial purposes
Government: 7:30am-2: 30pm
Private businesses and shops: about 9:30am-2: 00pm, and about 5:00pm-10:00pm.
The workweek begins on Saturday and runs through to Wednesday or Thursday.
Friday is the Islamic day of rest, corresponding to Sunday in the west.
Government offices are also closed on Thursdays.
There are two every year: Eid Al Fitr which comes after the month of Ramadan, the month of fasting; and Eid Al Adha which is during the month of pilgrimage or Hajj.
Green Banner of Islam, bearing the inscription: "There is no God but God; and Muhammad is his Messenger". The sword was added in 1906, symbolizing the military successes of Islam and of Ibn Saud, founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Sarei Lil Majd Walaya
GMT +3 hours
International dialing code