Overview of Sudan

Overview of Sudan Last updated on Saturday 24th April 2010

Overview of Sudan

Official Title

  • Republic of the Sudan


  • Khartoum (population between 4 and 5 million)

Main port

  • Port Sudan on the Red Sea (population 206,727)

Additional urban centres

  • Omdurman (pop. 526,000)
  • El-Obeid (pop. 200,000)
  • Wad Medani (pop. 145,000)
  • Kassala (pop. 150,000)

Land area

  • 2,505,813 sq. km (967,500 sq. miles)


  • Officially Arabic, with English widely spoken and understood. Many other African languages also spoken.


  • 73% Sunni Muslims, mostly in the north. Islamic culture is very strong in the northern two-thirds of the country.
  • In the south, 17% follow tribal religions; the remainder are Christian, mostly Roman Catholic.

Independence day

  • 01/01/1956


  • 35.000.000 (estimation of 2000).

Population density

  • 12 /km² (1999).

Young people under 15 Years old

  • 45% (estimate 2000).

Population growth

  • 3% (estimate 2000).

Ethnic background

  • Arabs 40%, Fur 10%, Dinka 10%, Beja 5, Nuba 4%, Nuer 3%, Nubian 2.5%, Zande 1.5%.

Urban Population

  • 31% (1990-1999).

Population profile

  • Mostly Arab in the northern areas and black Africans in the south. Many additional tribal groups, including the Beja, Jamala and Nubian people in the north, and the Azande, Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk people in the south.

Birth Rate

  • 39 births/1,000 population (estimation of 2000).

Death Rate

  • 10.3 deaths/1,000 population (estimation of 2000).

Infant Mortality Rate

  • 70.2 deaths/1,000 live births (estimation of 2000).


Two currencies operate side by side:

  • Sudanese pound, divided into 1,000 milliemes and 100 piastres.
  • Sudanese dinar, smaller and newer-looking notes than the Sudanese pound and intended to replace it in due course.

Market Exchange Rate

  • 1 US $ = 256.410 SDD (November 2000).

Inflation Rate at Consumer Prices

  • 20% (1999).

Labour Force by Economic Sector of Activity

  • Agriculture 63%, Industry and Services 37% (1999).

Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

  • US $ 12 Billion (1999).

Real Gross Domestic Product - Growth Rate

  • 3% (1999).

Gross Domestic Product- per capita

  • US $ 350 (1998).


  • Cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining.

Agricultural products

  • Cotton, H.P.S. groundnuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sesame, sheep.

Industrial production growth rate

  • 4% (1998).

Total External Debt

  • US $ 24 billion (1999).

Major Trading Partners

  • Imports: France, China, Germany, UK, Netherlands, Japan and Canada.
  • Exports: Italy, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Germany, China, Japan and France.

Major Export Products

  • Cotton, livestock, sesame, oil, groundnuts and arabic gum.

Major Import Products

  • Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, petroleum products, transport and machinery.

Time zone

  • GMT +2 hours


  • 215 to 240 volts AC; 50 Hz. Power is often erratic, especially in smaller urban centres.

Weights & measures

  • Mostly metric, although petrol is sold by the gallon.
As you like 'Overview of Sudan' you may also like following articles . . .

Overview of Iraq

Official title Republic of Iraq Capital Baghdad Population 3,844,608 in 1987 Religion Officially Islam, as Muslims form 95% of the population. Shiite Muslims (60%) live in the south, Sunni...

Overview of Syria

Official name The Syrian Arab Republic Capital Damascus (Dimashq), population approximately 4-6 million Main port Lattakia on the north coast (pop. 222,500) Second port is Tartus...

Population of Algeria

31,193,917 (estimation of July 2000) Age structure: 0-14 years: 35% (male 5,591,044; female 5,389,046) 15-64 years: 61% (male 9,582,864; female 9,381,088) 65 years and over: 4% (male 577,...

Qatar Overview

Conventional Name State of Qatar / Dawlat Qatar. Capital Doha Head of State (Amir) HAMAD bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al-Thani. Area 11,437 sq km (4,...

Economy of Mauritania

The Mauritanian economy is predominantly pastoral, with mining and fishing increasing in importance. Mauritania depends heavily on foreign aid. In 1999 the gross domestic product, which...

Oman Overview

Official name The Sultanate of Oman (Saltanat Uman) Capital Muscat Head of state Sultan Qaboos bin Said, Sultan and Prime Minister Government Sultanate Legislature Consultative Council...

Comoros Geography: Demographics

The people of the islands are of mixed descent: African, Arab and Malagasy. Although Arabic and French are the official languages, the primary spoken tongue is the Comorian dialect of...