Independence of Somalia

Independence of Somalia Last updated on Monday 26th April 2010

On 1 July 1960, by agreement with the UN Trusteeship Council, Somalia was granted independence, merging with the former British protectorate of Somaliland.

The country's first president, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar, elected in 1960, was defeated in 1967 by the former prime minister Abdi Rashid Ali Shirmarke. Two years later, Shirmarke was assassinated, and just days later a military coup, led by Major General Muhammad Siad Barre, took over the country.

In 1970 Barre declared Somalia a socialist state, and in the following years most of the country's modern economy was nationalised. Things went reasonably well until a drought in 1974-75 caused widespread starvation.

As you like 'Independence of Somalia' you may also like following articles . . .

The Barre Regime of Somalia

The British and Italian regions became independent on July the 1st 1960 and were merged as the Republic of Somalia. A parliamentary system was adopted in the new republic until October 21st...

History of Somalia: Armed Opposition

Armed domestic opposition to Siad Barre began in the north in 1988 with the Isaaq-based Somali National Movement (SNM) and was brutally suppressed. Other clan-backed groups, most notably...

Overview of Somalia

Location Somalia, also called the Somali Democratic Republic, is located on the Horn of Africa, the easternmost part of the African continent. The total area is 637,657 sq. km, and the...

Somalia Govt.: The Pre-War Electorate

The overthrow of President Muhammad Siad Barre in January 1991 and the subsequent anarchy have left Somalia in a state of civil war with no clear central authority. Previously, under an...

History of Somalia: Self-Determination for Ogaden

In mid-1977 ethnic Somalis living in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia, started a war to win self-determination. Somalia armed the rebels and even contributed troops to the effort. By late 1977...

Somalia

Overview History Antiquity Arab conquerors British colonisation Italian colonisation Post World War II Ethiopia & Somalia Independence The Barre regime Self-determination for...

History of Somalia: War and Famine

Hussein Farah Aideed, succeeded his late father Mohamed Farah Aideed as leader of the Somali National Alliance. Fighting in Somalia continued, while aid workers left the country in fear of...