Overview of Syria
Overview of Syria Last updated on Monday 26th April 2010
The Syrian Arab Republic
Damascus (Dimashq), population approximately 4-6 million
Lattakia on the north coast (pop. 222,500)
Second port is Tartus
Additional urban centres
Aleppo (pop. 1 million)
Homs (pop. 406,300)
Hama (pop. 190,000)
16,350,000 (estimation of 2000).
3% (estimate 2000).
Mainly Arab (about 90%), with Kurdish and Armenian minorities
About 63 persons per sq. km (about 164 per sq. mile)
Young people under 15 Years Old
41% (estimate 2000).
31 births/1,000 population (estimation of 2000).
5 deaths/1,000 population (estimation of 2000)
Infant Mortality Rate
35 deaths/1,000 live births (estimation of 2000).
Life Expectancy at Birth
Total Population 68 years old: Males 67 years old, Females 70 years old (estimation of 2000).
185,180 sq. km (about 71,500 sq. miles)
Mount Hermon, 2814 metres (9,232 feet)
Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French and English.
Syrian pound (local name lira) divided into 100 piastres (Qirsh).
Banknotes are in units of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500.
Republic; legislated by the People's Assembly.
Divided into 14 governorates.
Year of independence
Islam is practiced by 86% of the population, most of which are Sunni Muslims.
Most of the rest of the population practice Christianity, in a number of varying sects.
Labour Force by Economic Sector
Agriculture 30%, Industry and Services 70% (1999).
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
US $ 12.5 billion (1999).
GDP Growth Rate
1.5% (1999), 2% (estimate 2000).
GDP per capita
US $ 930 (1998).
Petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining.
Major Trading Partners
Imports Italy, Ukraine, Turkey, South Korea, Germany, France, Japan, US. Exports Turkey, Germany, Italy, Lebanon, Spain and France.
Major Export Products
Petroleum 65%, textiles, manufactured goods, fruits and vegetables, raw cotton, live sheep, phosphates.
Major Import Products
Machinery and equipment, metal and metal products, foodstuffs/animals, textiles and chemicals.
Total oil Export Revenues
International dialing code
GMT + 2 hours